The most important insights from this survey are: • performance measurement and sporting equipment were the most prevalent innovation areas in the 2008-2012 period; • athletics and cycling were the sports in which most innovations took place; • use in training is most often the main original purpose of innovation, followed by use in competition; • almost half of all innovations were only used by one to five countries. On the other hand, a quarter of the innovations is applied by over 25 countries; • the sport itself initiates only seventeen percent of all innovations mentioned, while sporting labs and science institutes together initiate almost six out of every ten sport innovations; • companies contribute a third of the money for sport innovations and about the same in terms of time/effort. Governments contribute only twelve percent of the finances; • of the most important innovations, less than twenty percent are truly new products or services; • of the innovations in our survey for which the effects were measurable, 85 percent contributed to medals at the London Olympics; • for the near future, sport experts expect the most impact from developments in training methods and sport facilities, while scientific experts expect more from physiology and sporting equipment. 6 CONCLUSIONS 46 Pagina 45

Pagina 47

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